One of the territorial challenges for middle sized cities and towns in the Mediterranean area is traffic congestion.
REMEDIO focuses on high density areas surrounding the city centers with commercial and directional roads often suffering from traffic jam to the point of becoming wounds in the connectivity of the wide spread city and elements of additional economic crisis and even social exclusion.
Therefore, four cities were chosen in four different countries from the Mediterranean area to be used as pilot cities to test and implement REMEDIO actions. In these cities, a specific pilot area was selected (check them here!).
Get to know the pilot cities in the different countries here!
Treviso is a city and a municipality in Veneto, northern Italy, being the capital of the province of Treviso.
The municipality has 85752 inhabitants, of which about 3 000 live within the walls (le Mura), inside the historical and monumental center, while some 80 000 live outside the walls. The city hinterland has a population of approximately 170 000. The city is home to the headquarters of clothing retailers Benetton, Sisley, Stefanel, Geox, Diadora and Lotto Sport Italia, appliance maker De'Longhi, and bicycle maker Pinarello. Treviso is also known for being the original production area of Prosecco wine, and being one of several towns thought to have been the origin of the popular Italian dessert "tiramisù".
The municipality of Loures is part of the Lisbon Metropolitan area, located on the right bank of the Tagus River and bordered by the municipalities of Arruda dos Vinhos, Sintra, Odivelas, Lisbon, Vila Franca de Xira and Mafra.
The municipality has an area of 158 km2 and 204 695 inhabitants (in 2014). It consists of two cities, Loures and Sacavém, with a total of 10 parishes and, among them, the parish of the Union of Parishes of Moscavide and Portela. This parish is the one of Loures' municipality with higher population density and where it is the REMEDIO pilot area.
The pilot area is a typical road located in Moscavide (southwest of Loures' municipality), which has an area of 1.66 km² and 21891 inhabitants (in 2011).
Thessaloniki is the capital of Thessaloniki Regional Unity and of the region of Central Macedonia, and it is the second largest city in Greece.
In terms of spatial development, the largest part of Central Macedonia can be considered as a wider urban region with the city of Thessaloniki at its heart. The European Spatial Observatory Network-ESPON has classified Thessaloniki as a Functional Urban Area of transnational/national significance, among 261 other such areas in Europe. Currently, it accommodates 1 110 551 inhabitants (2011) in its greater area. It covers a total of 1 455.68 km2 with an average density of 665.2 inhabitants per km2. Being the second largest city of Greece and the administrative, financial and cultural center of Northern Greece, it plays an important role in the national and greater Balkan region, especially as a commercial center and a transportation hub. Thessaloniki is located in the western side of the Regional Unity of Thessaloniki, at the head of Thermaikos Gulf.
Split is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea, centered on the Roman Palace of the Emperor Diocletian. Spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings, Split's greater area includes the neighboring seaside towns as well.
An intraregional transport hub and a popular tourist destination, the city is a link to numerous Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. Split is one of the oldest cities in the area. While traditionally considered just over 1 700 years old, counting from the construction of Diocletian's Palace in 305 CE, the city was in fact founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BCE. It became a prominent settlement around 650 CE, when it succeeded the ancient capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia, Salona: as after the Sack of Salona by the Avars and Slavs, the fortified Palace of Diocletian was settled by the Roman refugees. Split became a Byzantine city, to later gradually drift into the sphere of the Byzantine vassal, the Republic of Venice, and the Croatian Kingdom, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and the King of Hungary for control over the Dalmatian cities. According to 2011, Census Split had 178 192 inhabitants.